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Avoid the Hustle

The ability to use methods without knowing the details of their contents is a feature of
The ability to use methods without knowing the details of their contents is a feature of ____.
A) abstraction

B) encapsulation

C) inheritance

D) construction

 
2.
A constructor may require ____.
A) parameters

B) methods

C) objects

D) inheritance

 
3.
Design a class named CustomerRecord that holds a customer number, name, and address. Include methods to set the values for each data field and output the values for each data field. Create the class diagram and write the code (not language specific, ie. psuedocode) that defines the class.
 
4.
A catch block consists of four different elements: the keyword catch, followed by parentheses that contain an exception type and identifier, statements that take action to handle the error condition, an endcatch statement, and a return statement.
A) True

B) False

5.
Everything is an object, and every object is a member of a ____.
A) class

B) method

C) case

D) process

 
6.
A ____ is a segment of code that can handle an exception that might be thrown by the try block that precedes it.
A) catch method

B) throw block

C) catch block

D) throw statement

 
7.
The memory location known as the ____ is where the computer stores the list of method locations to which the system must return.
A) method stack

B) location stack

C) call stack

D) store location

 
8.
When appropriate, specialized ____ classes provide an elegant way for you to handle error situations.
A) Exception

B) Error

C) Constructor

D) Event

 
9.
Creating multiple methods with the same name, which will act differently and appropriately when used with different types of objects, is known as polymorphism.
A) True

B) False

 
10.
The call stack is where the computer stores the list of exceptions.
A) True

B) False

 
11.
12.
The object-oriented techniques to manage errors such as dividing a value by 0 comprise the group of methods known as ____.
A) exception handling

B) error handling

C) exception processing

D) error processing

 
13.
Simple non-array variables are usually passed to methods by ____.
A) value

B) reference

C) type

D) class

 
14.
What is one item that must be included in a method’s header if it can receive a parameter?
A) local parameter name

B) global parameter name

C) parameter’s client

D) return data structure

 
15.
Libraries are collections of classes that serve related purposes.
A) True

B) False

 
16.
Programmers refer to hidden implementation details as existing in a ____.
A) white box

B) white hole

C) black box

D) black hole

 
17.
____ is the process of creating a new, derived class from a base class.
A) Accessibility

B) Encapsulation

C) Inheritance

D) Polymorphism

 
18.
When a variable is declared within a method, it ceases to exist when the method ends.
A) True

B) False

 
19.
A method’s ____ consists of the method’s statements.
A) body

B) space

C) space

D) group

20.
What will be the output of the below program? List what will be outputed to the screen and explain your answer.
class Class_name
      main()
           // Declarations
              num index
              num SIZE = 10
              num numbers[SIZE] = 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
            index = 0
            while index < SIZE
                  numbers[index]= index * 10
                  index = index + 1
            endwhile   
            output “The Output is: ”
            while index > 0
                  index = index – 1
                  output numbers[index]
            endwhile
      return
endClass
 
21.
When illegal division by 0 takes place, an Exception object is not created automatically by the object-oriented language application.
A) True

B) False

 
22.
You can write as many constructors for a class as you want, as long as they all have different ____ lists.
A) object

B) data field

C) method

D) parameter

 
23.
Overloaded methods have the same name and parameter lists.
A) True

B) False

 
24.
When a main() method needs to use another method, it calls, or invokes it.
A) True

B) False

 
25.
Multiple inheritance is the capability to inherit more than one method from a parent class.
A) True

B) False

 
26.
A method can be used more than once within a program or in other programs.
A) True

B) False

 
27.
Global variables are known to the entire class.
A) True

B) False

 
28.
Methods are sometimes called ____.
A) segments

B) modules

C) classes

D) routines

 
29.
A ____ reference is an automatically created variable that holds the address of an object and passes it to an instance method whenever the method is called.
A) key

B) public

C) that

D) this
 
30.
What is the screen output of the following code segment? Explain the reasoning behind your answer.
Test1 = 70

Test2 = 80

Test3 = 84

NumberOfTests = 3

Average = (Test1 + Test2 + Test3) / NumberOfTests
IF Average >= 90 THEN
   Output “Great job”
   Output “Your average is: ”, Average
ELSE
IF Average >= 80 or Average <=89 THEN 
   Output “Nice work”
   Output “Your average is: “, Average
ELSE
   Output : “Your Average is:”, Average
   Output “, You will do better next time!”
ENDIF
 
31.
A class diagram consists of a ____ divided into three sections.
A) square

B) rectangle

C) circle

D) triangle

 
32.
An instance method or constructor may be overloaded by providing the same name and ____ argument list.
A) a different

B) the same

C) a larger

D) a smaller

 
33.
Class diagrams are a type of ____ diagram.
A) Unified Illustration Language

B) Unified Modeling Language

C) Object-Oriented Modeling Language

D) Unified Pseudocode Language

 
34.
A(n) ____ statement indicates the end of the catch block in the pseudocode.
A) finalcatch

B) finally

C) endcatch

D) stop

 
35.
An object is a category of things.
A) True

B) False

 
36.
When a data field is private, it is said to be ____ to any class other than the one in which it is defined.
A) uninheritable

B) implicit

C) unreachable

D) inaccessible

 
37.
Methods can be ____ correctly by providing different parameter lists for methods with the same name.
A) updated

B) tested

C) overloaded

D) passed

 
38.
____ variables and constants are those that are known to an entire class.
A) Global

B) Local

C) Universal

D) Comprehensive

 
39.
A ____ is one that sends an exception object out of a method so it can be handled elsewhere.
A) catch statement

B) throw method

C) catch block

D) throw statement

 
40.
A method is a program module that contains a series of statements that carry out a task.
A) True

B) False

 
41.
Write a method that will perform the a division operation (divide by) on the numbers passed to it in two variables (numerator, denominator) and outputs the results. Use a try-catch pair to output an error message if the illegal operation of divide by 0 occurs.
 
42.
Unreachable code statements are program statements that only execute if there is an exception.
A) True

B) False

 
43.
A child class contains all the data fields and ____ of its parent.
A) parameters

B) classes

C) methods

D) procedures

 

The ability to use methods without knowing the details of their contents is a feature of

The ability to use methods without knowing the details of their contents is a feature of ____.

A) abstraction

B) encapsulation

C) inheritance

D) construction

 
2.
A constructor may require ____.

A) parameters

B) methods

C) objects

D) inheritance

 
3.
Design a class named CustomerRecord that holds a customer number, name, and address. Include methods to set the values for each data field and output the values for each data field. Create the class diagram and write the code (not language specific, ie. psuedocode) that defines the class.
 
4.
A catch block consists of four different elements: the keyword catch, followed by parentheses that contain an exception type and identifier, statements that take action to handle the error condition, an endcatch statement, and a return statement.

A) True

B) False

5.
Everything is an object, and every object is a member of a ____.

A) class

B) method

C) case

D) process

 
6.
A ____ is a segment of code that can handle an exception that might be thrown by the try block that precedes it.

A) catch method

B) throw block

C) catch block

D) throw statement

 
7.
The memory location known as the ____ is where the computer stores the list of method locations to which the system must return.

A) method stack

B) location stack

C) call stack

D) store location

 
8.
When appropriate, specialized ____ classes provide an elegant way for you to handle error situations.

A) Exception

B) Error

C) Constructor

D) Event

 
9.
Creating multiple methods with the same name, which will act differently and appropriately when used with different types of objects, is known as polymorphism.

A) True

B) False

 
10.
The call stack is where the computer stores the list of exceptions.

A) True

B) False

 
11.
A(n) ____ is one instance of a class.

A) method

B) object

C) instantiation

D) attribute

 
12.
The object-oriented techniques to manage errors such as dividing a value by 0 comprise the group of methods known as ____.

A) exception handling

B) error handling

C) exception processing

D) error processing

 
13.
Simple non-array variables are usually passed to methods by ____.

A) value

B) reference

C) type

D) class

 
14.
What is one item that must be included in a method’s header if it can receive a parameter?

A) local parameter name

B) global parameter name

C) parameter’s client

D) return data structure

 
15.
Libraries are collections of classes that serve related purposes.

A) True

B) False

 
16.
Programmers refer to hidden implementation details as existing in a ____.

A) white box

B) white hole

C) black box

D) black hole

 
17.
____ is the process of creating a new, derived class from a base class.

A) Accessibility

B) Encapsulation

C) Inheritance

D) Polymorphism

 
18.
When a variable is declared within a method, it ceases to exist when the method ends.

A) True

B) False

 
19.
A method’s ____ consists of the method’s statements.

A) body

B) space

C) space

D) group

20.
What will be the output of the below program? List what will be outputed to the screen and explain your answer.
class Class_name
      main()
           // Declarations
              num index
              num SIZE = 10
              num numbers[SIZE] = 0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0
            index = 0
            while index < SIZE
                  numbers[index]= index * 10
                  index = index + 1
            endwhile   
            output “The Output is: ”
            while index > 0
                  index = index – 1
                  output numbers[index]
            endwhile
      return
endClass
 
21.
When illegal division by 0 takes place, an Exception object is not created automatically by the object-oriented language application.

A) True

B) False

 
22.
You can write as many constructors for a class as you want, as long as they all have different ____ lists.

A) object

B) data field

C) method

D) parameter

 
23.
Overloaded methods have the same name and parameter lists.

A) True

B) False

 
24.
When a main() method needs to use another method, it calls, or invokes it.

A) True

B) False

 
25.
Multiple inheritance is the capability to inherit more than one method from a parent class.

A) True

B) False

 
26.
A method can be used more than once within a program or in other programs.

A) True

B) False

 
27.
Global variables are known to the entire class.

A) True

B) False

 
28.
Methods are sometimes called ____.

A) segments

B) modules

C) classes

D) routines

 
29.
A ____ reference is an automatically created variable that holds the address of an object and passes it to an instance method whenever the method is called.

A) key

B) public

C) that

D) this

 
30.
What is the screen output of the following code segment? Explain the reasoning behind your answer.
Test1 = 70

Test2 = 80

Test3 = 84

NumberOfTests = 3

Average = (Test1 + Test2 + Test3) / NumberOfTests

IF Average >= 90 THEN
   Output “Great job”
   Output “Your average is: ”, Average
ELSE
IF Average >= 80 or Average <=89 THEN 
   Output “Nice work”
   Output “Your average is: “, Average
ELSE
   Output : “Your Average is:”, Average
   Output “, You will do better next time!”
ENDIF
 
31.
A class diagram consists of a ____ divided into three sections.

A) square

B) rectangle

C) circle

D) triangle

 
32.
An instance method or constructor may be overloaded by providing the same name and ____ argument list.

A) a different

B) the same

C) a larger

D) a smaller

 
33.
Class diagrams are a type of ____ diagram.

A) Unified Illustration Language

B) Unified Modeling Language

C) Object-Oriented Modeling Language

D) Unified Pseudocode Language

 
34.
A(n) ____ statement indicates the end of the catch block in the pseudocode.

A) finalcatch

B) finally

C) endcatch

D) stop

 
35.
An object is a category of things.

A) True

B) False

 
36.
When a data field is private, it is said to be ____ to any class other than the one in which it is defined.

A) uninheritable

B) implicit

C) unreachable

D) inaccessible

 
37.
Methods can be ____ correctly by providing different parameter lists for methods with the same name.

A) updated

B) tested

C) overloaded

D) passed

 
38.
____ variables and constants are those that are known to an entire class.

A) Global

B) Local

C) Universal

D) Comprehensive

 
39.
A ____ is one that sends an exception object out of a method so it can be handled elsewhere.

A) catch statement

B) throw method

C) catch block

D) throw statement

 
40.
A method is a program module that contains a series of statements that carry out a task.

A) True

B) False

 
41.
Write a method that will perform the a division operation (divide by) on the numbers passed to it in two variables (numerator, denominator) and outputs the results. Use a try-catch pair to output an error message if the illegal operation of divide by 0 occurs.
 
42.
Unreachable code statements are program statements that only execute if there is an exception.

A) True

B) False

 
43.
A child class contains all the data fields and ____ of its parent.

A) parameters

B) classes

C) methods

D) procedures