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Avoid the Hustle

Preliminary Programming Components

Category: Essay Writing

Preliminary Programming Components

Assignment 2: Final Project 2: Preliminary Programming Components

You will need to make any recommended revisions to W1 assignment 3, Client Profile and Concept Statement, prior to proceeding with this assignment. Include these items in your PDF submission, along with a title page that states your client’s name and disability, in addition to the typical title page requirements

In this assignment you will create, post, and discuss for the final project:

  • An objective checklist of human factors,
  • Space standards/ Prototype drawings (rough sketches) of possible furniture arrangements, and
  • Bubble diagrams of room adjacencies.

Part I: Objective Checklist

As you study basic human needs and human factors that can address those needs in the following weeks, create and maintain a list—the Objective Checklist—of each human factor underlying your client’s needs. Each class will introduce you to new aspects of human factors and how they relate to corresponding client needs. Begin to create this list now starting with the needs mentioned in Weeks 1 and 2. This checklist will help increase your awareness of the objectives to be met to ensure a human-centered design, and will also help you justify your design solutions in the final project presentation. Begin by setting up a chart and add columns for the design challenges and solutions based on the disability that your client faces.

Part 2: Preliminary Space Analysis and Space Standards/ Prototype Drawings

Create rough sketches, also called preliminaries, typicals, concept drawings, schematics, prototype drawings, or space standards, of possible furniture arrangements for each area of the environment such as living room, kitchen, bedrooms, and bathrooms, with detailed annotations of how and where specific human factors need to be addressed.

Note: You can use:

Analyze and justify each layout with the help of detailed annotations and necessary dimensions, as specified by anthropometrics given in your texts. Accessible standards can be accessed from your texts and by visiting

Step-by-step instructions for executing the space standards:

  1. Using a quarter-inch grid for reference, begin designing space standards for each space by listing the activities to be accommodated, the human factors that might be addressed in that space, and any other functional and design goals to be achieved within that particular area or room.
  2. Draw a furniture arrangement in quarter-inch scale that you feel would support the activity needs and human factor goals. In addition to considering the entry into the space, anthropometric clearances, and traffic flow, this arrangement should support the activities anticipated within that space and should not be relevant to any particular architectural features at this point. When each room has been analyzed and drawn in detail, you can place it in a strategic location within the plan where doors, windows, and other architectural features can be considered. At this point, however, you’ll need to concentrate only on what is happening within this space. This will allow you to create a space to fit the need, as opposed to squeezing the need into a space.
  3. After you have drawn your first layout, analyze its effectiveness based on your weekly readings and discussions, and make notes on the drawing, clarifying any design intent not readily evident in plan view. Label objects when necessary, and justify your layouts.
  4. If too many problems arise during analysis, draw one or even two more arrangements until you are satisfied. When you eventually place this best arrangement within the interior floor plan, you may need to make more adjustments. But at least you will have gone through a careful design process, considering the ramifications of various design solutions. It will provide a preliminary configuration to the space and amount of square feet required for the space.

You should plan for the space to be as open as possible. You can include some full or partial walls for privacy needs or to divide the space functionally or aesthetically. In addition, you can use custom cabinetry and built-ins to identify and divide spaces. You can use enclosed rooms with full-height walls and doors only where privacy is absolutely needed, such as the bathroom.

Also, begin researching accessible plumbing fixtures and household appliances, all of which are defined by your reading assignments, lectures, and personal research. However, do not make final decisions yet. This is because the next human factor you’ll study is sustainability; you need to make sure that all your choices are not only accessible, but water and energy conserving as well.

Part 3: Bubble Diagrams

Based on your knowledge of appropriate residential room adjacencies, create at least three different bubble diagrams (a skill learned in space planning). Draw these by hand on a copy of the given building shell plan (gutted space plan), showing the best placement of rooms, spaces within the building, and the location of plumbing as well as windows. Note the sleeping area needs to have a window for daylight, fresh air, and to be used as a means of emergency egress. Also, do not enclose the door to the stairs in any room; they are to be used as an emergency exit.