Examples:A cause/effect essay may explain . . .
* why a volcano erupts, and what happens afterwards;
* what happens after a loved one's death.
The cause/effectessay explains why or how some event happened, and what resulted from the event. This essay is a study of the relationship between two or more events or experiences. The essay could discuss both causes and effects,or it could simply address one or the other. A cause essayusually discusses the reasons why something happened. An effect essaydiscusses what happens after a specific event or circumstance.
The below example shows a cause essay, one that would explain how and why an event happened.
If this cause essay were about a volcanic eruption, it might go something like:
“Pressure and heat built up beneath the earth's surface; the effectof this was an enormous volcanic eruption.”
The next example shows an effect essay, one that would explain all the effects that happened after a specific event, like a volcanic eruption.
If this effect essay were about a volcanic eruption again, it might go something like:
“The eruption caused many terrible things to happen; it destroyed homes, forests, and polluted the atmosphere.”
· Academic writing prepares you for upper-level college class work and for writing in the workplace.
· Academic writing is more structured and formal than informal styles of writing.
· Academic writing follows a strict structure of thesis statement, topic sentences, supporting details, and concluding sentences. Academic, sometimes called technical, writing has more stringent rules for grammar and usage, and an emphasis is placed on making the essay a coherent unit.Click here for more on this paper…….
· One area with which students often have trouble is the switch from more informal styles of language usage to much more formal styles. In particular, to write in academic style students:
Should write in present tense (run – not ran or will run)
Should not use contractions (can not – not can’t)
Should write only in third person (they or individuals – not I/you/we/our)
Should write in active voice (subject of the sentence needs to DO something)
Should not use “be verbs” – am, is, are, was, were, be, being, and been
Academic voice requires avoiding the I/you/we/our voice as inappropriate to technical professional writing.
· For this assignment you are going to write another argumentative piece about a contemporary and controversial topic.
· For this paper you are going to write an argument that uses one of the various causal argument structures.
· You select the topic and the causal structure. However, you are not allowed to reuse the same subject you used for your previous paper.
· Assignment Length: Minimum of 3-4 full double spaced pages correctly MLA formatted plus a Works Cited page. (NOTE: Your Works Cited page must include at least three academically rigorous sources relevant to your selected topic. If you neglect to include a Works Cited page or if you select unqualified sources, (someone's blog, Wikipedia, About.com, Ask.com or other general sources) then you will automatically lose 20 points off of your final paper grade.
· I encourage you to read and review the various causal argument literature. If you have any questions please do not hesitate to contact me.